Scotch Shepherds range from 19 to 24 inches tall. sable, mahogany sable, shaded sable, tri-coloured, blue merle, sable merle, colour headed white, double merle, white. The planes of the muzzle and the top of the skull should be parallel in collies, with a slight but distinct stop.
CEA is so prevalent that elimination of affected dogs except through very slow and careful breeding decisions to avoid shrinking the gene pool more than absolutely necessary. Keep in mind that this dog is a herder at heart. Collie eye anomaly (CEA), a genetic disease which causes improper development of the eye and possible blindness, is a common ailment in the breed. American Kennel Club: Border Collie Did You Know. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Puppies that survive through adulthood are plagued with immune disorders throughout their lives and rarely live more than three years.  The Scottish variety was a large, strong, aggressive dog, bred to herd highland sheep. These include epilepsy, bloat, a tendency towards allergies, and thyroid disorders (primarily hypothyroidism.). The average lifespan of a Scotch Shepherd is 12 to 16 years. They have a lot of drive and a need to work that translates to a requirement of more exercise and interaction than with other breeds of dogs.
Hip dysplasia: As with most of the larger breeds, hip dysplasia is a potential concern for Rough Collies. The rough collie's long coat has made the breed successful on northern Midwest farms as an able herder and guardian of the farm during the winter.
The dog needs to be gradually acclimated to the cold and a suitable insulated outdoor shelter must be provided for the dog along with ample quality food and a source of unfrozen water. The Scotch Shepherd is also known as the Scotch Collie. It is from England that we find the famous pillars of the breed, from which the American fanciers sought not only their next big winner, but also their foundation stock. Their trainability and intense energy make border collies and Scotch shepherd dogs ideal candidates for competition events such as agility, sheepdog trials and advanced obedience competition.
When Queen Victoria acquired a Rough Collie, after seeing one at Balmoral Castle, they were transformed into something of a fashion item. These dogs built the foundations upon which the present day Rough Collie is based and paved the way for the emergence of the great American kennels of the 1920s and 1930s.
The Welsh variety was small and nimble, domesticated and friendly, and also herded goats. The eyes are medium-sized and almond shaped. , The Collie Club of America is one of the oldest breed-specific clubs in existence in the United States (founded in 1886). The Rough Collie (also known as the Long-Haired Collie) is a long-coated dog breed of medium to large size that, in its original form, was a type of collie used and bred for herding sheep in Scotland.
The disease is also referred to as "gray collie syndrome", due to affected puppies having a pale gray, pinkish/gray or beige colouring, none of which are normal Rough Collie colours. , Rough Collies can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, conformation, flyball, tracking, and herding events. They guard the farm while the owner is away and are naturally protective of small children. The qualities that make a good herding dog – trainability, adaptability, loyalty, soundness of body and character, agility, grace – are important in many areas, and contribute so much toward making the dog an outstanding companion as well.
They have long coats that should be brushed often to prevent matting. The breed specifications call for a distinctive long narrow tapered snout and tipped (semiprick) ears, so some dogs must have their ears taped when young.
PRA has a later onset and can be detected by DNA test, but is much less widespread (in the US) than CEA. Spaying and neutering can alter coat texture, making it softer and more prone to matting. The UK standard calls for dogs to be significantly smaller than those under the American Kennel Club.. Rough Collies generally come in shades of sable and white (sometimes mahogany), blue merle, tri-colored, and white. Start early with socializing and training to ensure that your dog is well-behaved and to channel his smarts and energy toward constructive activities, such as competitive sports. Some may have white blazes on their faces. The size and weight varies among breed standards; male collies can stand 55.8 to 66 cm (22 to 26 in) at the shoulder; the female averages 5 cm (2 in) shorter. ) Note, the UK Kennel Club "Accredited Breeder Scheme" requires eye tests and recommends the genetic test for this class of members.
Herds of sheep were common in the border country, making talented herding dogs valuable assets.
The word "Collie" is as obscure as the breed itself. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Historically, they were used in Scotland to herd, protect and drive flocks of sheep. Typically, Scotch shepherd dogs and border collies are two colors, such as black and white, red and white, black and gray, or yellow and white. Without a doubt, it is to the English fancy of the late 1800s that the breed owes its development as a popular show dog. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Like many herding dogs, collies can be fairly vocal, and some are easily trained not to bark. When the English saw these dogs at the Birmingham market, they interbred them with their own variety of sheepdogs, producing a mixture of short- and long-haired varieties. Rough Collies have a more blunt, gradually tapering, face than the smaller, but otherwise very similar Shetland Sheepdog, which is partly descended from the Rough Collie. The double-layered coat needs to be brushed frequently and thoroughly to keep it in a show condition.
By the turn of the century, the American Rough Collie was in a state of continued development. The ears are supposed to be semi-prick, or tipped, with the upper third folded over. The dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in the herding and guarding of their flock. The ruff is also distinctive in distinguishing the two breeds. They can be tricolor, though, and some are … , Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Accredited Breeder Recommendationas and Requirements", "Next Texas A&M Mascot Selected, Reveille IX To Assume Role In May", "WKC Dog Show - Past Winners of Best in Show", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rough_Collie&oldid=984164970, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, "Lassie" dog. Jensen attended Idaho and Boise State Universities. According to the American Kennel Club border collies were at first called Scotch sheep dogs, although the breed you recognize today has been the accepted standard for over 100 years. They are medium to large sized dogs, and they generally need a house instead of being in a small apartment.
It is a non-competitive introduction to carefully selected and easily handled livestock under favorably controlled conditions. Her work has appeared in various print and online publications. It has been the subject of much research and speculation. Rough Collies closely resemble smaller Shetland Sheepdogs or "Shelties", but the two breeds do not have an exclusive linear relationship. It is designed to show whether or not a Collie, who may have never had any exposure to livestock, still has the natural instinct to perform the function for which the breed was initially created. White, which is a mainly all-white coat, except for the head, which could be tri-, sable or blue. There is a smooth-coated variety known as a Smooth Collie; some breed organisations, including both the American and Canadian Kennel Clubs, consider smooth-coat and rough-coat collies to be variations of the same breed. Scotch shepherd dogs sport double coats, which may be either medium or short in length.
In addition to these problems, all of which can be tested for, there are a number of problems which are thought to be genetic but for which no screening test exists. Originating in the 1800s, the breed is now well known through the stories of author Albert Payson Terhune about his dog Lad, and later with Eric Knight's character of Lassie and her novels, movies, and television shows.
Participation in herding helps preserve the special heritage of the Collie and opens up new opportunities for owner and dog. A screening test is used to determine if alternative medications are required. They were originally derived from a mixture of Roman Cattle Dogs, Native Celtic Dogs and Viking Herding Spitzes. Rough collies should show no nervousness or aggression, and are generally great with children and other animals.  The downy undercoat is covered by a long, dense, coarse outer coat with a notable ruff around the neck, feathers about the legs, a petticoat on the abdomen, and a frill on the hindquarters.. They are eager to learn and respond best to a gentle hand. He may tend to herd other pets and small children if he believes they're getting out of line. Throughout the country there are local herding clubs that provide clinics, work days, trials and tests. The Scotch Shepherd needs daily exercise. Typically, Scotch shepherd dogs and border collies are two colors, such as black and white, red and white, black and gray, or yellow and white.
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