public health england essay

Access to health care services have also been reported as uneven (Acheson, 1998 [online]) however, an individual’s health can be adversely affected by more factors than just the availability of healthcare and these other factors include gender, ethnic groups, religion, age, geographical location, residential deprivation, education, occupation and economic conditions (Marmot, 2010, p.39 [online]). In addition, increasing number of the population are living with complex co-morbidities. This definition suggests that health is the achievement and maintenance of physical fitness and mental stability however, each individual is unique so the term ‘health’ varies from person to person and can therefore be a number of ideas that people have in their minds at different times of their lives (Pearson, 2002, p.45). After 150 years of public health research and intervention, there are bound to be many lessons to draw upon which can provide the insight to guide public health professionals and institutions as they design and implement specific strategies, policies, and measures to increase global resilience for “complex health emergencies”. Ensure comprehensive information of the calorie content of the food (Fenton, 2017; PHE, 2017). Some people develop TB disease soon after becoming infected (within weeks) before their immune system can fight the TB bacteria. Without sufficient money, people are less able to provide themselves and their families with adequate housing, nutrition, clothing and heating. However, NHS (2018) further explains that life expectancy of dementia patient varies on the age when symptoms begin i.e.


There’s currently no cure for vascular dementia and there is no way to reverse any loss of brain cells that occurred before the condition was diagnosed. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student.

Obese and overweight children also have a tendency to suffer poor psychosocial health and are therefore particularly susceptible to emotional stress, stigmatisation, discrimination and prejudice (NOF, 2011 [online]), which also increases the chances of children suffering with low self-esteem, depression and eating disorders (BMA, 2005, p.8 [online]). More so, non-infectious diseases are not as a result of pathogens, they are as a result of the lifestyle factors, toxic substances from the environment or food, gene mutations. (2015) explains that mortality of hospital-admitted dementia patient was reported to be higher than those visiting after a cohort study of 10 years. The aim of this approach is to give information to ensure that each individual has the knowledge and a basic understanding about obesity, which allows the individuals to make informed choices about their own lifestyles (Ewles and Simnett, 2003, p.44). Thus public health … Wanless (2004, p.27 [online]) defines public health as “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society, organisations, communities and individuals”. Mixed dementia- is when a person has more than one type of dementia, and a mixture of the symtoms of those types. Furthermore, PHE estimated in 2014 the enormous fast food and takeaway outlets to be (50,000), nevertheless, there are said to be more fast food outlet in deprived areas than in wealthy areas (Fenton, 2017; PHE, 2017).

Study for free with our range of university lectures! However, Several different antibiotics are used because some forms of TB are resistant to certain antibiotics. Also, Comas-Herrera et al. (, 2018). The Public Health England resource for competent healthcare professionals and local authorities to ensure that action is taken in midlife to enhance healthy lifestyles and alleviate the prevalence and risk of dementia (Public Health England). One of the biggest concerns of childhood obesity is that it is likely to continue on into adulthood (Coleman, 2007, p.71). Vascular dementia– is known as post-stroke or multi-infarct dementia, account for about 10% of all cases of dementia. Health promotion and public health are intricately linked as the idea behind health promotion is to encourage individuals to have greater control over the decisions that affect their overall health. Public health activities in England are led by the government through the Department of Health and Public Health England, with local activities coordinated at local government level. It is vitally important that the nurse possesses the necessary skills and adequate knowledge on healthy eating in order to educate children and their families (NICE, 2006, p.44 & p.101 [online]). Dementia mainly affects people over the age of 65 (one in 14 people in this age group have dementia), and the likelihood of developing dementia increases significantly with age. Public Health England’s desire outcome in relation to this priority is to achieve increase in the proportion of children ‘ready to learn at two and ready for school at five’. Reference this. Ensuring the increment of fruit content, as well as vegetables and fibres. Each locality has different needs and local strategies that are in place have been developed in conjunction with government initiatives and influenced by national policy such as, healthy schools. The United Kingdom Faculty of Public Health (2010) defines public health as “the process and study of improving the quality of lives via promoting good health, protecting health and well-being, and preventing any form of ailment, which as a result prolongs the life span via the collective organised efforts of the society”. From this definition we can establish that the main focus of public health is to reduce health inequalities with the key concepts being to protect the public from transmissible diseases, improving service provision and to promote the health of the population (Naidoo and Wills, 2005, p.8). (2015) therefore concluded that dementia as compared to other illnesses and disease has a very poor prognosis. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The novel research and advances in public health in the last two decades have pertinently improved life expectancy of the entire populace. However, if TB bacteria become active in the body and multiply, the person will go from having latent TB infection to being sick with TB disease. Approaches to the management of communicable and non-communicable diseases alike, can be categorised as primary, secondary and tertiary prevention interventions. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Furthermore, public health strategies focused on the prevention of infectious disease that is known as the primary prevention.

The prevention of obesity is easier than the treatment and prevention relies heavily on education, therefore for this issue the education model will be used. HRM becomes a discipline of policing and reinforcing the adhering, Answers: Section A: The first section of this report will explain the role of 4 key public health agencies. Policies and strategies were introduced following the recommendations outlined in these papers and were developed with the main focus being to assist in the prevention and management of obesity and to encourage healthy eating and physical activity (NICE, 2006 [online]). Evidence suggests that there is a link between health and wealth, where people in the upper socio-economic classes have more chance of avoiding illness and living longer than those in the lower socio-economic classes and as a result, mortality rates are greater for the lower social classes than for the higher social classes (Marmot, 2010, p.16 [online] ; Acheson, 1998 [online]). However, research also proves that Donepezil can also be use to treat more severe Alzheimer’s disease. There shall be an extensive discussion about TB further in this report in the next section. The WHO has launched a major consultation into the diet-related disease and stated that their global strategy would focus on diet, physical activity and health (WHO, 2004 [online]). PHE (2015) states that TB rates in England continue to experience declination. Relative poverty is when the income received is less than the average income for the country, where access to goods and services are limited compared to the rest of society and absolute poverty is where the level of income is below the required amount to afford a decent living or be able to sustain human life and as a result, only the bare minimum levels of food, clothing and shelter can be afforded (Alcock, 2006, p.64). by Maria Joyce Health inequalities can be described as the variation in the health status or the ‘health gap’ between the socio-economic classes. Further, Public Health England (2016) classifies the nine areas of Public Health Practice in the UK as: -Surveillance and assessment of the health and well-being status of the entire populace. National interventions include the five a day scheme which encourages people to eat more fruit and vegetables, extended from this is the school fruit and vegetable scheme which helps increase the child’s awareness of the importance of eating fruit and vegetables (NHS, 2011 [online]). More so, the method of transmission of TB is majorly through air. P1 It teaches everything God made has a purpose, including every, Econometric results 7.6 Trading volumes 7.7 Conclusion 7.1 7.2 7.3 Primary prevention of Tuberculosis:The BCG vaccination offers protection against Tuberculosis and is recommended on the NHS for babies, children and adults under the age of 35 who are considered to be at risk of catching TB.


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